What are filet crochet patterns? The entire fabric consists of blocks. Some of them are solid (filled in) another are open (not filled in). To make a block, you have to know only two stitches: the chain and double crochet (US terminology).
There are a few different ways to make a filet block using double crochet stitches and chains.
For the beginning we will consider the most popular way of crocheting filet crochet mesh which we call the 4-dc mesh. Each block has FOUR stitches in it.
To crochet solid block: dc, dc, dc, dc
To crochet open block: dc, ch 2, skip 2, dc
Let's look at our 4-dc mesh filet crochet chart.
There are 5 rows in it. Each row has 7 blocks. Each block (solid or open) consists of FOUR stitches.
To make a solid block, we have to crochet 4 double crochets. To make TWO solid blocks next to each other, 7 double crochets are necessary since they share sides.
Last double crochet of the first block IS the first
double crochet of the second block. To add another solid block, we will
crochet three more dc. Hence, there will be 10 double crochet stitches,
to make three solid blocks, and so on.
For the open block we will crochet one double crochet, two chains, skip two chains of the row below, one double crochet. To add another open block, we would crochet again: two chains, skip two chains of the row below, one double crochet. Now we have 7 stitches for two open blocks.
Some things to remember:
1. Filet crochet designs usually look the best if we use thread crochet but yarn. Nevertheless, if you are new to filet crocheting technique, I would suggest you to practice with yarn first. It will make your learning curve much easier.
2. Once you are comfortable with filet crocheting, take a hook one size smaller than recommended. Your crocheting has to be somewhat stiff to look neat.
3. Your project will have big difference in sizes depending on the thread you use. The very same filet crochet chart will look cute and accurate if you use fine crochet thread while worsted weight yarn makes it look HUGE.
Design of the filet crochet patterns is usually presented as a graphical chart where filled in squares relate to solid blocks while empty square presents an open block. Let's follow step by step this easy crochet filet pattern for practice. Here are some general rules to read ANY crochet charts:
Now let's follow the chart.
Step 1. Calculate number of stitches necessary.
How many stitches do we have to crochet for our project?
Length of the foundation chain = number of blocks x 3 + turning chain = 7 x 3 + 3 = 24,
where: 7 - number of blocks in a row,
3 - constant multiple for 4dc mesh, 3 - turning chain.
Once we crocheted THREE stitches of the turning chain, we are at the beginning of the first row. First block of the first row can be either solid or open. Our first block is solid.
First block of the first row is solid.
Turning chain is equal to 3 stitches. This turning chain is considered the first stitch of the solid block. To complete our first solid block, we will make double crochets into the 4th, 5th, and 6th chains from your hook. Do not count the stitch on the hook!
What if the first block of the first row is open?
3 turning chains are considered the first double crochet of the open block. Our chart shows that an open block after turning chain continuous with two chains. This way our 3-chain turning chain will become equal to 5 chains (3 for turn, 2 for top). To complete open block, we will crochet one double crochet into the eighth chain from your hook. Now our first open block has: 2 chains on the bottom, 3 on the side (turning chain), and 2 on the top. 1 double crochet closed its last side.
Step 2. Follow filet crochet chart.
Row 1. Solid block: Dc into the fourth, fifth, and sixth chains from your hook ,to create the first solid block. (Do not count the one on the hook!) Together with turning chain it has 4 stitches in it.
The open blocks: chain 2 and skip 2 chains, dc in next chain.
Both solid and open blocks have 4 stitches in them. First and last stitch of each block belongs to two adjacent blocks.
Work the last solid block by making dc stitches into each of the last 4 chains. 3 turning chains.
Row 2. Chain 2, skip 2, 16 dc, chain 2, skip 2, dc, 3 turning chains.
Row 3. Chain 2, skip 2,dc, chain 2, skip 2, 10 dc, chain 2, skip 2, dc, chain 2, skip 2,dc. 3 turning chains.
Row 4. Chain 2, skip 2, dc, chain 2, skip 2, dc, chain 2, skip 2,
4 dc, chain 2, skip 2, dc, chain 2, skip 2, dc,chain 2, skip 2,dc. 3 turning chains.
Row 5. *Chain 2, skip 2, dc in next chain; repeat from * to end.
Filet crochet patterns techniques described on this page works for
crochet projects which have a square or rectangular shape. Each row has the same number of blocks. It is exactly what we need to become accustomed to filet crochet technique. -:)
As for any crocheting technique, in filet crochet we can use increasing and decreasing. It allows us to change shape of design project and make different complicated shapes. Originally filet crochet patterns were just a combination of solid and open blocks. One would say AMAZINGLY creative combination if you look at those old vintage patterns made many years ago.
Nowadays talented designers moved far ahead developing new techniques based on original filet crocheting. It will be a subject of our later posts.